[act-ma] Sat. 9/11-7pm - The New Constitution of Bolivia at E5
sreyes1 at yahoo.com
Thu Sep 9 14:13:47 PDT 2010
Sergio Reyes on Latin America's New Constitutions
Saturday, September 11, 2010, 7:00 p.m.
Encuentro 5, 33 Harrison Ave. 5th Floor, Boston
Join Sergio Reyes of the Boston May Day Committee and Latin at s for Social Change
for a survey of the radical changes and advances in Latin American
constitutional development. Using his firsthand impressions of the
process in Bolivia and a textual analysis of the new constitution of the Plurinational Republic of Bolivia,
Reyes will provide his assessment and lead the conversation.
We hope to have at least one more speaker addressing the Venezuelan Constitution.
Sponsored by the Boston May Day Committee.
Here's Wikipedia's (8/20/10) summary of the new constitution:
"The current Constitution of Bolivia is the 17th constitution in the
country's history; previous constitutions were enacted in 1826, 1831,
1834, 1839, 1843, 1851, 1861, 1868, 1871, 1878, 1880, 1938, 1945, 1947,
1961 and 1967. It came into effect on February 7, 2009, when it was
promulgated by President Evo Morales after being approved in a
referendum with 90.24% participation. The referendum was held on January
25, 2009, and the constitution was approved by 61.43% of voters.
The 2009 Constitution defines Bolivia as a unitary plurinational, and
secular (rather than a Catholic, as before) state. It calls for a mixed
economy of state, private, and communal ownership; restricts private
land ownership to a maximum of 5,000 hectares (12,400 acres); authorizes
a variety of autonomies at the local and departmental level. It
elevates the electoral authorities, to become a fourth constitutional
power; introduces the possibility of recall elections for all elected
officials; and enlarges the Senate. Members of the enlarged National
Congress will be elected by first past the post voting in the future, in
a change from the previous mixed member proportional system. The
judiciary is reformed, and judges will be elected in the future and no
longer appointed by the National Congress. It declares natural resources
to be the exclusive dominion of the Bolivian people, administered by
the state. Sucre will be acknowledged as Bolivia's capital, but the
institutions will remain where they are (executive and legislative in La
Paz, judiciary in Sucre). The electoral authorities will be situated in
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